What is the difference between FAT32, exFAT, and NTFS?
When will you format a hard drive, flash drive, SD card and so on, Windows will ask you which file system the unit will use, i.e. NTFS, FAT32 and exFAT. Do not know the difference between these file systems? We showed you!
FAT32 is the oldest filesystem that list. It was introduced in Windows 95 to replace the FAT16, even older.
The fact that he was the elder you some advantages and disadvantages. For example, being the eldest, it is the default file system. This causes it to be compatible with older computers and almost all devices that have a USB port. Most Flash Drivers such as a flash drive, for example, comes formatted with FAT32.
However, there are limitations who come with age. It does not support individual files larger than 4GB in size - that's the maximum. Also, with a FAT32 partition cannot be greater than 8 TB. Therefore, you will not want to use this file system on an internal drive.
Compatibility: Works in all versions of Windows, MAC, Linux, games consoles and with virtually any device with a USB port.
Limits: maximum size of 4GB and a maximum file size of 8TB to a partition.
Ideal use: It is ideal for removable drivers because of its high compatibility.
NTFS is the file system that the modern Windows likes to use. When you make a Windows installation, the same format the drive with NTFS. This file system has huge size limits for files and partitions. He first appeared in consumer versions of Windows with Windows XP.
NTFS also has many other modern features such as file permissions for security, fast error recovery if the system crashes, encryption, etc. Your Windows partition is probably using NTFS. If you have another HD or want to create a new partition on your hard drive, you should use the NTFS file system for these.
However, this file system also has a limitation. It is not compatible with other operating systems. NTFS will work perfectly with the latest versions of Windows, at least until XP, but have limited compatibility with previous versions to this. By default, the MAC can only read NTFS drives, writing is not possible. Some Linux distributions can write, but others do not. Regarding consoles, the Sony PlayStation does not support NTFS. Even Microsoft's Xbox 360 cannot read NTFS drives.
Compatibility: Works with all versions of Windows. The MAC only read NTFS drives. Some Linux distributions can write files in the system, others can only read. Except for the Xbox One, other consoles probably will not support NTFS.
Limits: No file size limits and partitions.
Ideal use: It is ideal for using the Windows operating system.
The exFAT was introduced in 2006 and was added to older versions of Windows such as Windows XP and Vista.
It is an optimized file system for flash drivers. It is designed to be a kind of FAT32, no size limits and without the extra overhead of NTFS features. As NTFS, exFAT has huge size limits of individual files and partition size. This means that you can store files larger than 4GB on a flash drive or SD card. The exFAT is an update to FAT32 and it is certainly the best option for external flash unit.
Another advantage of exFAT is that it is more compatible than NTFS. While you can only read NTFS drives on a Mac, it offers reading and writing full support for exFAT. For Linux, you can have access to exFAT units by installing appropriate software for this.
Although the exFAT is compatible with MAC and some other devices, this system is not yet compatible with almost everything as FAT32. The Xbox 360 is not compatible, since the Xbox One yes! The PlayStation 3 does not support exFAT, but the PlayStation 4 yes!
Compatibility: Works with all versions of Windows and with most modern versions on Mac OS X, however, requires additional software to Linux.
Limits: No file size limits and partitions
Ideal use: Ideal for USB flash drives and other external drives, especially if you have files larger than 4GB.